CENTER FOR DEMOCRACY AND RECONCILIATION IN SOUTHEAST EUROPE

Former members

 

Aleksandra Joksimovic (former member)

Aleksandra Joksimovic has been Executive Director of PFZ - Zepter Holding since 2008, in addition to holding a teaching post (Media and Diplomacy) at the Diplomatic Academy of the Serbian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and being a member of the Publishing Division of the scientific journal “International” Affairs - published by Institute of International Politics and Economics. Ms Joksimovic is also a teacher of contemporary US-Serbian relations at the Centre for USA Studies, Faculty of Political Science, at the University of Belgrade. She holds a PhD in International law, from Belgrade Union University, as well as an MSc in International Relations from Belgrade University. Mrs Jokismovics’ past positions have included Director General of Information, Press and Culture with the Serbian Ministry of Foreign Affairs (2001-2004) as well as director of the Foundation for Democracy Development in Belgrade (1999-2001).

Ms Joksimovic specialized as a professional pianist, heading the piano department of the High School for the Musically Talented in Belgrade, before embarking on her prestigious career in International Relations.

Ms Joksimovic speaks English and French. She was born in Belgrade and is married with two daughters.

 

Dusan Reljic (former member)

Currently a senior researcher at the German Institute for International Affairs and Security (SWP) in Berlin, Mr. Reljic worked between 1996 and 2003 at the Dusseldorf-based European Institute for the Media (EIM, Previously, he was  the foreign editor of the esteemed Belgrade-independent Vreme and co-founder of the Beta Press Agency during the critical years of 1991-'93.

After completing his PhD at Vienna University in 1978, he worked briefly at the Yugoslav Cultural Center in the Austrian capital. Mr. Reljic then entered a twelve-year spell with the Yugoslav National Press Agency Tanjug, where he served as foreign correspondent in Bonn and as deputy-head of the world service, designated editor-in-chief, before his forced dismissal in 1991.

Mr. Reljic's works on political, security and media matters are available in several publications in Germany, Austria, the United Kingdom and in the countries of former Yugoslavia.
 

Smarande Enache (former member)

Smaranda Enache, born in 1950 in Targu Mures, Transylvania, Romania, is currently the Co-Chair of the Association LIGA PRO EUROPA - Romania.

She served as Ambassador of Romania to Finland and Estonia (1998-2001).

Graduated of the University of Bucharest in 1973, she worked as professor of French literature and dramaturge.

Founder in 1989 of Romanian's first pro-European movement (Liga Pro Europa). Founding member of Romania's first post communist association (The Civic Alliance).

Member of the Romanian Group for Social Dialogue and of the Romanian Helsinki Committee.

She served as member on the board of various Bucharest based NGOs (Foundation for the Development of the Civil Society, Institute for Public Policies, Open Society Foundation) as well as on the board of international foundations (Civitas International-Strasbourg, European Centre for Minority Issues-Flensburg, Germany), the Liberal International's Human Rights Commission.

Editor of the weekly Gazeta de Mures (1991-93).

Author of the "Romania and the Minorities" compendium (1997).

Presently co-editor of the academic quarterly on minority issues "Altera".

She participated as expert in conflict prevention missions in Moldova, Bosnia and Herzegovina, etc.

She played a key role in the Romanian-Hungarian historical reconciliation process.

For her activity in support of democracy and interethnic tolerance, she received various international awards and decorations.

She has a son, Stefan Sebastian.

Her husband, Elek Szokoly graduated in philosophy and serves as director of the Intercultural Centre in Targu Mures.

She is fluent is French, Hungarian and English, fair in Italian and German, understands Russian and Spanish

 

Antoinette Primatarova (former member)

In early 2002 Antoinette Primatarova joined the Bulgarian NGO Centre for Liberal Strategies.

From 1993 to 2001 Antoinette Primatarova served in different positions within the Bulgarian diplomatic service. From 1993 to 1997 as Bulgaria's Ambassador to Sweden, Norway and Iceland, from 1997 to 1999 as Deputy Minister for Foreign Affairs and from 1999 to 2001 as Bulgaria's Ambassador to the European Communities. Upon the opening of negotiations with the EU in early 2001 she was entrusted with the position of Bulgaria's Deputy Chief Negotiator as well.

Antoinette Primatarova's pre-diplomatic experience was in the academic world of the University of Sofia. She was involved from 1979 to 1992 in teaching and research in the broad field of linguistic pragmatics, the main topics being Translation Theory and Linguistic Theory of Argumentation. From 1979 to 1981 Antoinette Primatarova was working for the Nordic department of the publishing House Narodna Kultura as editor. During the eighties and nineties she continued to promote Nordic literature and culture in Bulgaria, being herself a very active translator of Swedish writers and poets.

Born in Sofia in 1954, Antoinette Primatarova graduated in Germanic Studies from the University of Leipzig in 1978.

She and her husband Andrey have a son - Stefan.

Antoinette Primatarova is fluent in German, English, Swedish and Dutch and has hardly problems to understand Russian, Norwegian and Danish.

 

Pieter Stek (former member)

Pieter Stek has been Executive Director of the World Bank Group for Armenia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Georgia, Israel, fY Republic of Macedonia, Moldova, The Netherlands, Romania and Ukraine from November 1996 to November 2002.

Prior to that, he has had a long carrier with the Ministry of Finance of the Netherlands and with the De Nederlandsche Bank (Dutch Central Bank). At the Ministry of Finance he served as Director for Foreign Financial Relations (1984-1996), Chairman of the Committee on Financial Markets of the OECD (1983-1996), Alternate Member of the Monetary Committee (1992-1996), Member of the Monetary Committee (1991-1992), Alternate Member of the Monetary Committee of the EC (1984-1991) and Director Domestic Monetary Affairs (1978-1984).

He has also served as Member of the Board of Directors of the Netherlands Bank for Municipalities (1988-1996) and Member of the Conseil d'Administration of the Institut de l'Ecu (1992-1996).

Mr. Stek’s positions at the Dutch Central Bank include Assistant Chief of the Research Department (1974-1978), Assistant Chief for International Affairs (1970-1974), Assistant to the Netherlands Executive Director at the IMF (1969-1970), and at the Department of International Affairs (1965-1969).

Pieter Stek holds a Degree in Economics (monetary, macro- and welfare economics, public finance) from the University of Amsterdam. He is married and has two children.

 

Elsa Ballauri (former member)

Elsa Ballauri is the Executive Director of the Albanian Human Rights Group since 1996 and Director of the magazine "KANUN". She holds a post-graduate specialization in Journalism and a degree from the University of Tirana, Faculty of Albanian Language and Literature. Ms. Ballauri has a long career in journalism. She is a member of many societies around the world and has participated in several human rights and election observing missions abroad.

Ms. Ballauri has published two books of poetry, "Morning" (1984) and "24 hours are not enough" (1989) . Her poetry has been translated in French, German, Italian, and Spanish. She is currently working on her third book.

Ms. Ballauri speaks English, Italian and French. She was born in Tirana and is married with two children.

 

Pekin Baran (former member)

Mr. Pekin Baran is Chairman and majority shareholder of Denizcilik Anonim Sirketi and affiliated Companies, a family owned group established in 1952.

The main activity of the group has always been in Shipping, specialising in worldwide transportation of dry and wet bulk cargoes.

Born in Istanbul in 1941, Mr. Baran is a law graduate from The Faculty of Law in Paris.

He is a member of the Turkish Chamber of Shipping of which he was the first Chairman in 1982 and a member of the Turkish Maritime Education Foundation of which he was also the first Chairman in 1993-1996.

He is a member of TUSIAD, The Turkish Industrialists and Businessmen's Association, and member of its External Relations Committee.

He is also a member of the Turkish-British and the Turkish-French Business Councils of DEIK, The Turkish Foreign Economic Relations Board.

 

George A. David (former member)

Born in Cyprus in 1937, George David graduated from Edinburgh University in 1959. The same year, he started his career with the A.G. Leventis Group of Companies in Nigeria.

He is on the Board of the Hellenic Bottling Company S.A., Bank of Cyprus, Petros Petropoulos AEBE, Allatini AVEE and is involved with a number of community activities - American Farm School Thessaloniki, Campion School, Centre for Asia Minor Studies, ELIAMEP, A.G. Leventis Foundation - as a Trustee. He has been a member of the Steering Committee of the Bildenberg meetings since 1998.

 

Zdravko Grebo (former member)

Professor Zdravko Grebo, of the Law Faculty at the University of Sarajevo is the founder of Open Society Foundation of Bosnia & Herzegovina (Soros Foundation) as well as the director of the Center for Interdisciplinary Postgraduate Studies of the University of Sarajevo and the chief of the Department of the State and International Public Law.

In addition to these, he is the founder of the Helsinki Parliament of Citizens (Bosnia & Herzegovina), the author of the proposal for an alternative constitution (1990) as well as four books and 150 articles, and is the academic coordinator of the MA course in ”European Studies” and Program Director of the MA in Human Rights and Democracy”.

In 1993, he received an award from the European Rectors Club “For peace, and against racism and xenophobia”, and in 1994 he was honoured with The Franklin Four Freedoms Award-medal for work in the field of “freedom from fear".

 

Vlasta Jalusic (former member)

Vlasta Jalusic is a senior researcher and a head of the Peace Institute of Ljubljana, Slovenia, a guest professor at the Central European University in Budapest and at European Peace University in Stadtschlaining, Austria.

Her main fields of research are political theory, gender and peace studies. She is the author of the books Until the Women Meddle... Women, Revolutions and the Rest (Ljubljana, 1992), Women-Politics-Equal Opportunities (together with Milica G. Antic, Ljubljana 2001), editor of the book on feminist groups and movements in former Slovenia and Yugoslavia How We Attended Feminist Gymnasium? (Ljubljana 2002), and translator and editor of Hannah Arendt's The Human Condition in the Slovenian language (Ljubljana, 1996). She has also published several articles and chapters in books on women's movement and feminism, on notion of politics and Hannah Arendt, on violence, intolerance, war and disintegration of Yugoslavia.

Presently she is working on a research about the notion of contemporary citizenship and politics of exclusion in Central and Eastern Europe.

 

Maritta von Bieberstein Koch-Weser (former member)

Maritta von Bieberstein Koch-Weser is head of Centennial Group's Social and Environmental practice. She is widely known for her work on social and environmental policy and programs on all major regions of the world. Dr. Koch-Weser is also founder and President of Earth3000, a non-profit organisation defending environmental rights of future generations. Earth3000 promotes understanding, commitment, programs and innovations for salvaging the earth's basic assets for the survival of human kind - climate, biological species, water, top soil, and ocean resources. Earth3000 promotes environmental security and long term systemic improvements in local, national and global environmental governance. Convinced that the next decades are of crucial importance for all future, Earth3000 seeks forceful action to reverse present trends of loss and extinction.

Dr. Koch-Weser's field experience in international development and environment spans the regions of South Asia, East Asia & Pacific, Latin America & the Caribbean, West & East Africa, Middle East, Eastern Europe & countries of the Former Soviet Union.

Prior to founding Earth3000, Dr. Koch-Weser was Director General of IUCN -The World Conservation Union. Founded in 1948, IUCN -The World Conservation Union is the world's largest umbrella organisation of environmental institutions, bringing together a unique membership of Governments and Government Agencies, and hundreds of civil society organisations.

From 1980-1998 Dr. Koch-Weser worked at the World Bank, where she was closely associated with the build-up of environmental and social programs and policies. In her most recent assignment she was Director for Environmentally & Socially Sustainable Development for the Latin America & Caribbean Region. Her previous World Bank assignments included Chief of the Asia Environment and Natural Resources Management Division (and simultaneous management of the World Bank's first Alternative Energy Unit), and Chief of the Environmental Assessments & Programs Division of the Environment Department. In earlier years she held positions as Project Officer, Monitoring & Evaluation Specialist, and Sociologist, with responsibilities for environment, agriculture and rural development programs, as well as environmental and social safeguards associated with energy, infrastructure, and mining projects.

During the early stages of her career, Dr. Koch-Weser taught anthropology and Latin American Studies at George Washington University in Washington D.C. Dr. Koch-Weser is an anthropologist. She holds a Ph.D. from the Universities of Bonn and Cologne, where she studied Social Sciences and Latin American History. A German national, Dr. Koch-Weser is fluent in English, Portuguese, Spanish, and to a lesser extent in French and Russian.

 

Osman Kavala (former member)

Osman Kavala took over the management of the Kavala Group of Companies in 1982 after the death of his father, Mehmet Kavala, and has since been working there as Vice-Chairman. The Kavala Group is active in real estate development, trading and mobile communications.

Mr. Kavala has served on the boards of various businesses and social organizations. He graduated from the department of economics of Manchester University after finishing Istanbul Robert Lycee.

 

Albert Koenders (former member)

 

 

Ivan Krastev (former member)

Ivan Krastev is a widely published analyst of Bulgarian and Southeast European affairs. He is Research Director and Chairman of the Board of the respected Centre for Liberal Strategies in Sofia; member of the editorial board of the academic journal published by the Budapest-based Central European University; and, until recently, an Advisory Board representative of the Democracy Network / USAID Project in Bulgaria.

In 1998, Ivan Krastev was both a Woodrow Wilson Policy Fellow in Washington D.C. and a German Marshall Campus Fellow. Earlier, he enjoyed a fellowship at the Institute for Advanced Study at the Collegium Budapest.

He has led numerous think-tank and policy research bodies including the NATO-commissioned ‘NATO's Enlarged Mission in the First Decades of the 21 st Century' (1998); ‘The Impact of NATO Enlargement on the Have-Nots' (1998); the UNDP-commissioned ‘Bulgaria in the Regional Context – Risky Scenarios for Bulgaria up to 2010 (1998); and the Bulgarian Foreign Ministry-commissioned ‘The Current State and Prospects for Co-operation between Countries of Southeast Europe' (1997).

In Bulgaria, his research is famed and influential. In 1996, the research team, ‘Bulgarian Primaries,' lead by Mr. Krastev played a significant role towards the introduction of an American-style Primary Presidential Selection system in the country. The same year he led a policy group examining the ‘Structuring of the President's Administration' which was commissioned by the Bulgarian President. Earlier, in 1995, Ivan Krastev headed a policy group tasked by the Bulgarian Parliament with drafting a new Electoral Law.

Mr. Krastev has written several hundred articles and papers for newspapers, journals and inclusion in books. Major publications include ‘ Post-Theory, Games and Discursive Resistance' with A. Kyossev, I. Ditctchev and Vladislav Todorov (State University of New York Press, 1995); ‘The Role of Civilian Experts in Foreign Policy Decision-Making' published in ‘Civilian Control over the Military' ed. D. Harold (NATO Defence College, 1995); ‘Party Structure and Party Perspective in Bulgaria' published in the ‘Journal of Communist Studies and Transition Politics' , Vol. 13, March 1997; and ‘Pluralism' with R. Dimitrov and R. Avramov (Sofia, 1990). Other articles have appeared in the Times Literary Supplement, Frankfurter Algemeine Zeitung and elsewhere.

 

Fatos T. Lubonja (former member)

Fatos T. Lubonja was born in Tirana in 1951. He is a writer, journalist and editor and directs the cultural review, "Përpjekja" [Endeavour]. He graduated from Tirana University in theoretical physics, and was arrested in the same year and sentenced to seven years' imprisonment for agitation and propaganda against the regime. In 1979, while still serving his first sentence, he was arrested and sentenced again. He was released in 1991.

He has published "Ploja e mbrame" [the Final Slaughter], a "novel in the guise of a play"; "Në vitin shtatëmbëdhjetë" [In the Seventeenth Year], a prison diary of 1990-1991; and "Ridenimi" [The Second Sentence]. He founded Përpjekja in 1994 with a group of intellectuals who felt the need to introduce a critical spirit into Albanian culture. This culture has been dominated by what Përpjekja has often called the ideology of national-communism. Under the influence of this ideology, the Albanians have been more inclined to escape from reality into an imagined glorious past, or into a future happy state, than to look at themselves and reality in the eye.

 

Zarko Puhovski (former member)

Born in Zagreb, Yugoslavia, 1946. After studies in Zagreb (physics and political sciences) and Frankfurt (philosophy), Mr. Puhovski became assistant and then professor of Political Philosophy at the University of Zagreb.

Fellow of the Institute for Advanced Study (Wissenschaftskolleg) in Berlin. Visiting professor at the Free University in Berlin, European University center for Peace Studies in Stadtschlaining (Austria) and at the University of Klagenfurt; occasional lectures at universities in Berlin, London, Oxford, Budapest, Madrid, Bologna, etc. Member of Transcend and of the Standing committee on intersocietal relations of the Ethikon Institute, Los Angeles. Awarded with the European Club of Rectors Extraordinary Award for Peace and against Xenophobia 1993.

Author of numerous studies and essays and five books in Croatian language (on communism, liberalism, Critical theory of society, philosophy of culture, peace studies, moral philosophy, etc.). Numerous articles on these items and problems connected with the post-communist transition and the post-Yugoslav wars were printed in English and German.

Zarko Puhovski was co-founder of the first alternative political movement in former Yugoslavia in the year 1988 (UJDI), and of the Croatian Helsinki Committee for human rights in 1993.

 

Gazmend Pula (former member)

Dr. Gazmend Pula is the founder and head of the Kosovo Helsinki Committee for Human Rights based in Pristina and professor at the University of Pristina.

Dr. Pula holds a Ph.D. in the area of Power System Stability. He completed graduate studies (M.Sc.) in Electrical Power Systems at George Washington University in Washington DC. For his studies in the USA, Dr. Pula was awarded a Fulbright scholarship.

Dr. Pula holds also a postgraduate degree in Electrical Engineering from the University of Zagreb and two bachelor degrees, a B.A. from the Department of English Language and Literature in the Philological Faculty of the University of Pristina and a B.Sc. from the Electrical Engineering, Department of Power Systems, of the same university.

Dr. Pula has published two university textbooks in electrical engineering and, since 1979, holds a teaching post at the Electrical Engineering Department of the University of Pristina, Cathedra for Production and Transmission of Electrical Energy where he is still employed as an associate professor.

Gazmend Pula has also been awarded the US and EU Democracy and Civil Society Award in 1998, and has been a Visiting Fellow in the Sudost Insitut (Institute for South-East Europe) in Munich and at the Institute for Human Sciences in Vienna (Institut fur die Wissenschaften vom Menschen). Since 1990, he has participated frequently in many international conferences, round tables and seminars dealing with the Kosovo and Yugoslav crisis.

Dr. Pula was born in Kosovo. He is married and has two children, Nita (19), and Leonat (15).

 

Veton Surroi (former member)

Veton Surroi, born 1961 in Prishtina, presently the publisher of the most important kosovar daily "KOHA Ditore". Graduated at the Faculty of Philosophy and Literature of the UNAM in Mexico City, worked as a journalist in the Albanian language daily "Rilindja".

Founder of the first opposition group in Kosova, the local chapter of the UJDI (Association of a Yugoslav Democratic Initiative) in 1989, founder of the first Independent Trade Unions of Kosova in 1989, founder and editor in chief of the independent weekly KOHA (1990) and later of the daily KOHA Ditore (1997), president of the second strongest political party in Kosova (PPK) in the period 1991-1992.

One of the leading member of the kosovar Albanian negotiating groups, including the Rambouillet and Paris talks (1999). Recipient of the IFJ Annual award for journalism (2000), NED Award for Democracy and the Geunzen Award for Freedom of Holland.

 

Neslihan Tombul (former member)

Neslihan Tombul has played a significant role in the Bank of New York since 1998, currently in the post of Managing Director and Senior Representative, in Istanbul, Turkey.

Her responsibilities have included working with government agencies, and spearheading the Bank's marketing in Eastern Europe and the Central Asian Republics. She has also successfully steered the bank through various financial crises.

Following a distinguished university career (B.A. with High Honours in Quantitative Economics and Political Science from Rutgers University and an M.A. L.D. from the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, specialising in International Relations and Development Economics) she was the Vice President of the Middle East and Africa Group of the Irving Trust Company in New York, from 1984-1998.

 

Spiros T. Voyadzis (former member)

Following 25 years of distinguished service as a staff member, manager, and senior manager at the World Bank in Washington D.C. Spiros Voyadzis resigned from the World Bank on March 1, 2000 to become a Partner and Executive Vice President of World Business Inc. (a Washington D.C.-based US company). He took up his new functions on July 1, 2000.

Spiros Voyadzis joined the World Bank in December 1975. His career began as a Loan/Officer Economist in the MENA--Middle East and North Africa --Region primarily working as the main Bank interlocutor with the Algerian and Omani Governments and donors.

Mr. Voyadzis took up his latest appointment for the World Bank as Special Representative to the European Union Institutions in Brussels in January, 1996. He actually opened the Bank's Brussels office and was its very first Director. As such, he was in charge of the World Bank's operational cooperation with the European Commission (EC), the European Investment Bank (EIB) and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD). This cooperation exceeded $1.4 billion per year and was geared primarily in Eastern and Central Europe-countries ranging from Russia, to the accession to the EU states, to the Balkans-but also in the Mediterranean countries, and in Africa.

Prior to bringing his expertise to the Brussels office, Mr. Voyadzis headed Country Operations Divisions in the Operational Complex of the World Bank. He led the Bank's operational activities for Egypt, Iran, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, West Bank and Gaza and Yemen. The focus of his activities, managing a large team of staff, ranged from designing, and assisting Governments implement the agreed, country development and lending strategies, conducting economic and sector work, mobilizing aid coordination efforts, project financing, and managing macro-economic and sectoral adjustment operations. He played a key role in the discussions with the Governments of Egypt and Jordan on private sector development, including privatization issues. He has also participated as keynote speaker in many seminars where these types of issues were discussed. He has repeatedly lectured at the College de l'Europe in Brugge, at the Economics Departments of the Universities of Brussels and Louvain, and at the Maastricht Institutes for Administration and Development.

From 1984-1989 Mr. Voyadzis headed the Country Operations Division for Venezuela and the Caribbean countries where, apart from similar activities mentioned above, he revitalized the influential Consultative Group for Cooperation and Economic Development for the Caribbean.

In addition to the positions mentioned, Mr. Voyadzis served as Chairman of the Staff Association of the World Bank where he arbitrated and negotiated between staff and senior management. He also served on the Bank-wide Reorganization Task Force in 1987 where a small group of senior Bank staff were selected to devise a new Bank structure. He has served on several other professional Bank committees and working groups.

Mr. Voyadzis' pre-Bank experience centered as a civilian Economist in the NATO Economic Directorate from 1969-1975 where he analyzed economic developments and public finance issues for The Netherlands, Portugal and Luxembourg. Prior to that period he was a Young Professional at the Bank of Brussels/Lambert in Belgium.

Mr. Voyadzis, amongst others, has published "The Economic and Industrial Development of Greece during the 60's"; "Luxembourg Steel Industry and its Perspectives"; "Inflation: a problem?"; and "The Public Sector Enterprises in Algeria".

Born in Alexandria, Egypt, Mr. Voyadzis is Greek. He holds an Honors Master's Degree (Magnum Cum Laude) in Economics, Political and Social Sciences from the University of Brussels, Belgium, and a specialization in Public Finance.

He and his wife, Claudine, have a daughter and a son, Sandra and Jean-Marc. Spiros Voyadzis is fluent in Greek, English, French, and has some knowledge of Spanish.